Moscow International Portal

Moscow Metro

Stations of the Moscow Metro — "underground palaces of Moscow" — make one of the main sights of a city. They are distinguished by a really palatial magnificence of vestibules and underground halls.

Stations of the capital Metro are the monuments of architecture inseparably linked with history of Moscow and the whole country in which all stages of development of national architecture were embodied. Old, pre-war, stations are the symbol of industrialization of the country. In post-war projects the pleasure of victory and pride for its people was felt. The next years decorating of new stations was minimized (the most ascetic — the above-ground Filevsky line). However recently the interest to underground as to the architectural object is likely to be coming back.

The decision of Moscow Metro building was made in 1931 though the municipal duma confirmed the first project shortly before the First World War. The first branch of capital Metro (Sokolnicheskaya (red) the line, 13 stations) was opened for passengers on May, 15th, 1935. "Slavyansky boulevard" became the newest station opened on September, 7th, 2008 on the operating section of Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line (a dark blue line).

"Majakovskaya" is considered one of the most beautiful stations. Mayakovskaya", "Revolution Square", "Kropotkinskaya", "Komsomolskaya" (belt-line), "Novoslobodskaya" and others are considered the most interesting architectural monuments of 1930—50th. Some of them are officially put under the state protection. Metro served as a bombproof shelter during Great Patriotic War. At "Majakovskaya" station the command point of the city staff of air defense was located, on "Kirovskaya" (nowadays "Chistye Proudy") — the Joint Staff settled down.

Over twenty kinds of marble, labradorite, granite, porphyry, rhodonite, onyx and other breeds of building stone were used in Moscow Metro construction. Underground complexes are decorated by statues and reliefs, monumental and decoration compositions (painting, mosaic, stained-glass windows and lists) of art directors of the country. Architects and builders of Moscow underground aspired to create not only comfortable conditions for passengers, but also to give an individual shape to each station.

* Information from "Touristic Information Center"